As technology has progressed, we have found more ways to make the most out of chemicals. In fact, a large number of industries heavily rely on different chemicals to carry out different tasks. For instance, the textile industry cannot be operated without sufficient usage of dyes. Similarly, pharmaceuticals utilize different chemicals to produce medicines that are used in the healthcare industry on a large scale.
Chemicals are used to make polishes, detergents, clearing agents, adhesives and what not. Nevertheless, here are some of the most important chemicals that are widely used in a multitude of industries:
Sulfuric acid is perhaps the most used chemical all across the world. The major use of this chemical is in the production of fertilizers. However, it is also used to produce things like detergents, lead-acid automobile batteries, explosives, dyes and drugs. It is also used as a reactant during the manufacturing process of several goods. It may be used to remove water during certain chemical reactions and eliminate impurities when petroleum is being refined.
It is termed as an inert gas protecting oxygen-sensitive materials when they get in contact with the air. It is widely used in the production of steel and other metals. It is also used a coolant for concrete that helps in improving properties of the building material. Food industry makes use of this chemical on large scale. Nitrogen is used in the healthcare industry to freeze blood and tissue samples. It is arguably one of the most beneficial chemicals used by industries.
Oxygen, without which it is impossible to survive, is a necessary component for combustion. It is a necessary element to be used in the steel making industry helping to burn off impurities in the molten ore. Liquid oxygen also works as an oxidizing agent. In order to breakdown hydrocarbons into smaller products like propylene and ethylene, all the industries use oxygen. Breaking of hydrocarbons is necessary to producing products like paint and plastic.
Chlorine has a wide number of uses in hundreds of industries. It is used to manufacture industrial and consumer products such as pharmaceuticals, plastics, household cleaners, dyes, textiles and insecticides. It is even used to treat water either to kill bacteria in the swimming pool or eliminate waterborne pathogens in the process of water purification. In production of computer chips, bulletproof vests and auto parts, it operates as a major reactant. Therefore, chlorine is an essential chemical for a number of industries.
The agricultural industry is heavily reliant on the production of ammonia. In fact half of the global ammonia produced is dedicated to agriculture. It is utilized to produce liquid fertilizers that contain ammonium nitrate, ammonia and urea. It is also used to produce cotton defoliants. It is further used to produce a number of other chemicals such as dyes, nitric acid, sulfa drugs, vitamins, cosmetics, household cleaners and synthetic textiles. It is also widely used in industrial refrigeration and leather industry as a protective and curing agent.